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What Would Justice in Garrett Chapel Vandalism Look Like?

By Dr. Janine Bower, associate professor of criminology/criminal justice

News of the Garrett Chapel vandalism broke early last week. Images of the destruction — the gaping hole and shards of broken glass that remain of the exquisite stained glass window — symbolize the shock and outrage over this egregious act to a chapel with such historical and cultural significance. The estimated $25,000 in damages doesn’t include the priceless emotional and spiritual harm caused to victims and members of our community. When it comes to crimes that capture the public attention, people always ask “Why would someone do something like this?”

From a purely theoretical perspective, there are many reasons for vandalism and property destruction. Economic strains, negative family relationships, and conflict in the neighborhood can all produce anger and frustration. For some, criminal acts of vandalism are ways of coping with these emotions or solving problems. For someone with a strong family relationship, the fear of violating a norm endorsed by people they care about, whose opinions they value, and whose respect they wouldn’t want to lose is a powerful deterrent. In contrast, those with weak relationships are less constrained and in essence freer to violate norms.

Of course, some acts of vandalism merely reflect an attempt to alleviate boredom and experience excitement and thrills. There may be little-to-no forethought on the part of the perpetrator to the costs of their conduct, the consequences of getting caught, or harm to those impacted.

The majority of arrests for vandalism are of people over age 18, and about 40 percent of those are between 18 and 24 years old. Property crimes such as this unfortunately often go unsolved and don’t result in arrest. This means that the risk of getting caught is fairly low, and that threats of fines or incarceration may not be very effective for preventing this type of behavior. But in the event the perpetrator is apprehended, what would justice for the victim and community look like?

I would argue this to be a good case for restorative justice — a non-adversarial and voluntary process through which the victim and the accused are given the opportunity to meet with a facilitator and, in some cases, affected members of the community. Many cities, towns, and schools have adopted this practice as either an alternative to, or in conjunction with, a traditional approach because it has been shown to decrease repeat offending and enhance victim and community satisfaction.

In restorative justice, the goal is not to punish, but to reach an agreement that allows the offender to take responsibility for their actions, make efforts to repair the harm done, and be provided the opportunity to be reintegrated into the community. The process seeks to involve those affected by the crime, and it gives victims a more active role in communicating the impact of the offense to the accused and deciding upon a solution. This is not to say that punishment is ruled out, but this approach recognizes that punitive measures alone are not very effective in reducing the likelihood of future antisocial behavior and too often does not satisfy victim and community needs for healing and restoration.

This vandalism damaged the hearts and spirits of so many in our community. If the Garrett Chapel vandal is ever apprehended, I believe that those affected should have the opportunity to explain that it was far more than just glass that was damaged, and that the victim, community, and perpetrator have a chance to work through the consequences in order to repair the harm done.


Meet Kathy Waye, Director of Community Relations and Events

Editor’s Note: For the last 18 years, Kathy Waye has served the College in her role as executive director of alumni and family relations and has served as the College’s face to the local community, overseeing Keuka College’s Community Associates Board and serving as chair of the Yates County Chamber of Commerce. In order to focus more strategically on community relations and campus-wide events, Kathy will now be serving the College as its director of community relations and events. We thought this would be a good time to have you get to know her a bit better.

Meet Kathy Waye

Tell us a little bit about yourself and your background.

Penn Yan is my home. I attended Washington College in Maryland for my graduate and undergraduate degrees in political science and history. I stayed there to work after I graduated. I was the assistant women’s lacrosse coach for a few years in addition to working in admissions.

This is my 35th year working in higher education.

Why did you choose Washington College?

It is the oldest college in Maryland and the 10th oldest in the country. It’s the only college that George Washington allowed to use his name. He served there on the Board of Trustees. It was full of history. There was a lot of opportunity there– opportunity to interact with politicians and many distinguished scholars. I’d always been adventurous so the distance from home didn’t bother me.

Originally, I thought I wanted to go to law school, but, after participating in an internship with the state legislature in Annapolis, Maryland, I realized it wasn’t the field I wanted. Unfortunately we didn’t have Field Period™ there.

Soon after, I realized that I loved working with people. I was always extremely involved in student activities and leadership. I was a tour guide, class officer, a head Resident Assistant, a student senate officer, and an officer in the Alpha Omicron Pi national sorority.

While I was in school, admissions leaders asked me if I’d be interested in working for the College after graduation. My answer was yes. While working in admissions, I was responsible for many different areas including the alumni admissions volunteers, transfer students, minority students, tour guides, and the largest number of freshmen applications.

Why Keuka College? Why 19 years?

In 1997, I decided it was time to return home since my parents were getting older, and I’d lost three siblings. My daughter, Allie, was my parents’ only grandchild so it was important to be closer.  When Keuka College offered me a position that year as Director of Freshman Admissions I felt blessed. I love working here.

Keuka College feels like home. I grew up in the area and spent a lot time on campus as a child. My parents knew faculty and staff members. We lived locally and I always came here to swim or take dance lessons.

I stayed in admissions for just about a year until I realized it was time to come off the road. My parents’ health was declining and I was raising a daughter. It was time to change careers to reflect my family commitments. I switched departments, started as an advancement specialist, and worked my way up.

I feel honored that I am one of six people to receive honorary alumni status. They’ve always made me feel like family here. My daughter also grew up on campus, went to school here, and was extremely involved as a student. The College has touched our family in so many ways.

What does a director of community relations and events do?

As a member of the local community, I know just how important the relationship between the College and the community is. My hope is that I can connect each entity, help inform people, and help the College be a valuable and valued community partner.

I hope to offer more programming and help people feel comfortable utilizing what we have to offer on campus. Soon, we will be holding Community Connection Town Hall meetings to inform people about what’s happening on campus. Further, we hope to utilize faculty and staff more in the community.

At the recent Yates County Chamber of Commerce annual dinner, they announced my new position and people were very pleased. Since that announcement, many people have reached out to me. It is very exciting!

I know that our alumni will be in great hands with Brittany Chambers. She had worked with me before in alumni and family relations and I know she can do the job well. I’ll still be here for people, of course, but I’m excited for this new chapter and excited for Britt.

Last book you read?

Harper Lee’s Go Set a Watchman, the sequel to To Kill a Mockingbird, is on my bedside.

You manage the College’s relationship with more than 12,000 alumni across the world. I’m sure it’s hard to choose one, but what’s your favorite story you’ve heard from a Keuka College alumnus/alumna?

It’s hard to identify just one. Today, I got a call from an alumna in Costa Rica congratulating me on my new position. I have to say I’ve loved working with people from all eras of Keuka College history. I’m the one that’s been blessed having those opportunities. I’ve been able to talk to everyone from 100-year-old women to recent graduates. I’ve seen the whole span of life in our alumni.

Through all these chapters, working in admissions, alumni relations, and now with the community, I’ve learned so much. Keuka College is such a special place. I’ve learned the history of the institution through the different age groups, and I think that ties into my love of history. As a history major, you learn to analyze everything and remember things. We were taught to be effective public speakers. I still utilize all that in my current position.

I really believe in Keuka College and I have a love for my hometown of Penn Yan. I think this position will enhance the connection between them.

Favorite place on campus?

The Point. I remember during one of my high school homecoming events in Penn Yan, I was a cheerleader. That night we came out to the water and I remember thinking, “Why would anyone leave here?”

Who was your hero growing up?

My parents. They lost three children to a fatal genetic disease and never complained about anything. Their endless love for their family made every day count for all of their children. My father was named New York State history teacher of the year and my mother was named the number one women’s field hockey player in New York State and was a member of the women’s national field hockey team. They taught and coached for a combined 64 years. They were always extremely involved in the community. They are truly my heroes and served as role models to everyone they came in touch with.

What do you enjoy doing in your free time?

Community service is very close to my heart, so I try to stay very involved in it. I also spend my extra time visiting my daughter, Allie, who now lives in Florida. We love to travel so we are always on the go. I would have to say the Caribbean is one of our favorite spots in the world, next to the Finger Lakes, of course.

Ten years in the future, when you look back on your time at Keuka College, what do you hope you’ll be able to reflect on?

That I made both places better and that I made a difference in people’s lives. I want people to realize just how important both the College and the community really are—and just keep that shared history and relationship growing.

What’s your favorite annual College event?

I’d have to say Green & Gold Celebration Weekend. Having everyone involved makes it so special. When we used to host just reunion weekend during the summer, there would only be a few students working here that were able to participate. Now that it’s held during the school year, so many more people are involved. It’s nice to be able to share the history and love. I enjoy seeing young students hearing a 80-year-old alum tell their own college story. With my new role, I’m looking for more opportunities to expand the community involvement in Green & Gold Celebration Weekend as well.


Meet Brittany Chambers, Director of Alumni Relations and Development

Editor’s Note: Brittany Chambers has taken on the additional responsibility for alumni relations as Keuka College’s director of alumni relations and development. We thought this would be a good time to have you get to know her a bit better.

Meet Brittany Chambers

Tell us a little bit about yourself and your background.

Since I was little, I’ve always been interested in bringing people together and connecting them around a cause greater than themselves. I grew up in a family that empowered me to continuously ask questions, understand differing perspectives, and pour passion into everything that I attempted. Perhaps most importantly, they taught me the value of learning and always surrounded me with unconditional love.

Outside of my family unit, I was a captain of many of my sports teams and served as a volunteer fundraiser in the local community. As a funny side note, when I was eight years old, I asked my mom if I could donate my Halloween candy to a local children’s agency. What eight year old doesn’t want candy?

As I grew older, I reflected on my desire to affect change and how that might fit into my career. I was always inspired by education and its transformative nature. Higher education quickly became the center of my world. Interestingly, my dad had no formal education beyond high school, and my mom was the first person in her family to obtain a bachelor’s and a master’s degree. Together, and through higher education, my parents were able to break through socioeconomic barriers. I strongly believe that higher education is one of the last standing forces that levels the playing field.

This May, I will graduate from the Keuka College ASAP program with my master’s degree in management. My Action Research Project seeks to determine a path forward for building a culture of philanthropy.

Why Keuka College?

Keuka College exemplifies the spirit of education. We provide opportunity for all those who seek it. We’re resilient and I think that we have a unique heart. The graduates of Keuka College are some of the most special, dedicated, and loyal people I’ve ever encountered.

What did you do before you were here?

My undergraduate degree is in history from SUNY Cortland, with a minor in communications. Post-graduation, I had the opportunity to become one of the founding members of Cortland’s young alumni council.

So what did you do right after college?

After graduating with my bachelor’s degree, I wasn’t sure if I wanted to pursue a career as a professor or somehow break into community building and fundraising. I wanted an experience that was diverse and totally different from my upbringing in Rochester.

I decided to go west to Seattle, Washington. I wanted to get outside of my comfort zone, seek adventure, see the world, and do all of those great things that young people want to do. My boyfriend [now fiancée] and I made the decision to go to Seattle because of the natural beauty. We wanted to immerse ourselves in a different culture. So we packed up and we went.

In Seattle, I worked for Zillow as an Inside Sales Consultant. I was responsible for advertising, marketing, and sales. Among other things, I advised real estate agents on their marketing strategies and how to build networks within their own communities.

We shared a 450 sq. ft. apartment and had one car and one job between the two of us. We didn’t know a single person and only had a few hundred dollars in our bank account. Sometimes we look back and say “did that really happen?”

What brought you back East?

My mom and my family. My dad died in 2010 after battling brain cancer. My mom was alone with my brother, who is almost a decade younger than me. I wanted to watch him grow up—not passively, but actively. So I came back.

In retrospect, my time in Seattle wasn’t spent deviating from my intended path. Working for a start-up company gave me a more holistic view of community building, marketing, public relations, and all the things that go into alumni relations and development.

So then what did you do?

I worked at the University of Rochester. I had an emotional connection to the U of R because that’s where my dad was treated and where my mom earned her master’s degree. I wanted to be somewhere with a mission that I truly believed in.

There, I was responsible for relationship building in every aspect of the phrase. I facilitated opportunities for increased dollars raised through annual fund, alumni relations, and major gift work. I love to write, so I also worked on newsletters and ways to channel engagement for young alumni.

So then you came to Keuka College?

Yes. I was attracted to Keuka College by its resiliency. I was so intrigued by this small, but mighty, college in the Finger Lakes. KC has been knocked down so many times and its alumni always bring it back up. Now, we’re moving away from resiliency and into prosperity.

I chose Keuka College because I was amazed by the direction the College was going. The dichotomy between Jorge’s background in computer science and our small, private, liberal-arts college was fascinating to me. I thought it was unbelievably progressive.

I wanted to be immersed in it, help build something from the ground up, and see if we could diversify offerings for alumni in an increasingly complex age when alumni relations is at the risk of becoming obsolete. I come from a line of really, really strong women and the fabric of Keuka College is made up of so much of exactly that. Women are an immensely important and powerful part of Keuka College and its history. It was a very deliberate move.

The location was also important. I’m a very outdoorsy person. I run @FingerLakesOutdoors – an outdoor adventure community on Instagram that celebrates all things Finger Lakes. Being in Seattle put into perspective the uniqueness of this area. There’s so much natural beauty and talent here. Clearly, Keuka College attributes to that. The role that Keuka College has played in the community cannot be overstated.

Why does it make sense to have alumni relations and development together at Keuka College?

Alumni have always been Keuka College’s strongest supporters. We have an alumni giving participation rate that is more than double the national average. So, it makes sense to marry the two together at Keuka College. Every alumnus/a at Keuka College, regardless of age, financial status, etc. has a voice at Keuka College. Fundraising does not exist without engagement, and the two need to operate in tandem.

What’s an alumni director do?

An alumni director is a steward, an advocate, and a liaison. I serve as a voice for alumni to the administration and as a constant source of support.

In many ways, I act as a bridge between the lives of alumni after Keuka College and ways to remain connected meaningfully, however they envision that being. I think in many ways, an alumni director is also a champion of the College and of its people.

You’re not the first alumni director to have graduated from Keuka College, but you are the first one who has graduated from one of the programs offered through ASAP. What does that mean to you?

That gives me a different lens to look through. Having been a graduate student recently, and member of a community that isn’t tied physically to the campus, it gives me insight into the unique needs, wants, concerns, thoughts, and feelings of this population who, collectively, are so vital to the College.

So you’re getting married soon—Congratulations! Is it true your new last name will be Cute?

I don’t know. I’m still trying to decide. Maybe we can have a vote. People can vote if they want their new alumni director’s last name to be Cute. Does that kill my credibility?

When we bought our house, they wouldn’t believe his last name was legitimate. Facebook even had him scan and upload his driver’s license to seek specific approval.

It’s Irish. So we’ll be making a gift on the Day O’Giving in March, of course.

Last book you read?

The Soul of Money. It’s an amazing book about a woman’s journey through fundraising. It focuses on her relationship, and the world’s relationship, with money. The book talks about breaking down the barrier and the veil that money puts up and seeing people for who they are, and about understanding that people can affect change regardless of their financial capacity.

What’s your favorite story you’ve heard from a Keuka College alumnus/a?

I couldn’t pick just one. I couldn’t even narrow it down to ten.

My favorite stories I hear on the road are the tales of Keuka College’s days past, when it was an all-women’s college. I’m always impressed to hear about the shared governance the students had, the way they were empowered by Dr. Blyley and Edith Estey, and the precedent that was set by those generations of women and what they were encouraged to do. What Dr. Blyley advocated for was way ahead of her time. She instilled a belief in generations of women that, if you have a brain, you’re not only equal to men, but you’re doing society a disservice if you don’t use it.

Who was your hero growing up?

My grandma. That’s the honest answer. I just think she’s the most exemplary role model for a woman. She’s strong and sweet, brilliant and internally motivated. She transcended traditional female roles and she raised five kids, largely on her own. She taught us all to think differently and question the world around us.

Ten years in the future, when you look back on your time at Keuka College, what do you hope you’ll be able to reflect on?

It goes back to ensuring that we are connecting people back to the College in ways that are meaningful to them specifically, and being a constant source of support and advocacy. I look forward to helping to strengthen a community that’s been built by so many people over the years—people from Dr. Blyely, to Esther Yoder, to Kay Meisch, to Barbara Schaefer Allardice.

Keuka College’s alumni community spans more than a century. My job is to steward it now, take care of it, and prepare it for whoever will come after me, just as Kathy Waye has done for the last 18 years.

A luxury I have is that Kathy is still here, and we get to be partners ahead. She has such close ties to the local community and our alumni. With her leading our alumni events, our alumni really almost have the benefit of two alumni directors. One who can visit them individually to talk about how they want to impact or be involved with their alma mater, and one who can meet with groups and collectively celebrate everything that is Keuka College. Together, we can ensure that current and future alumni are proud of their alma mater.

Extreme Increases to Minimum Wage Could Do More Harm Than Good

By Ann M. Tuttle, professor of management

Few people would argue that it is a wonderful goal to increase the standard of living for all employees at the lowest income levels. The strategy to achieve this and to increase the standard of living for working poor is where the debate begins.  This is a longstanding and very divisive issue as highlighted in many news stories and magazine articles.  The complaint that the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer has brought the discussion of unequal distribution of income and the income gap to the forefront of political agendas all over the country.  From Occupy Wall Street protests in New York City to the fast food worker wage rallies in Los Angeles, Chicago and Baltimore, people have united in the desire for the lowest earners to get a bigger slice of the income pie.

Governor Andrew Cuomo responded to this political pressure by raising the minimum wage for state workers to $15.00 per hour.  He is using his executive authority to phase in the full $15 per hour in New York City by 2018, and then statewide by 2021.  He also included a minimum wage increase for fast food workers which phases in at $9.75 per hour this year and increases to $15.00 per hour by 2021.  There was even an increase in the minimum wage for tipped workers from $5.00 per hour to $7.50 per hour.

These increases are likely designed as a way to generate momentum in the quest to give our lowest earners more buying power and a better standard of living, but they could result in an increase in the unemployment rate instead.  For those who agree with the laws of supply and demand, the notion of increasing the minimum wage more than 70% for fast food workers and 50% for tipped workers might result in more supply of workers but less demand for them.  If you happen to be a fast food or tipped worker, you may believe that these increases are long overdue, but from the perspective of many of those industry employers, they are viewed as way too extreme and potentially devastating.

When speaking to the owner of a local restaurant about this issue, she indicated that she has already cut her wait staff and is now taking on a server role herself, a position for which she used to employ others to fill. When asked why she didn’t just increase her prices to cover the additional costs, and she replied that she would lose her customer base if she raised her prices.  Her next response was “If they follow the fast food minimum wage hike to $15.00, I will have to put the for-sale sign out and close my business.” A very sad outcome and one that I am sure the governor did not intend.  It may seem extreme, but when speaking to three other restaurant owners on this topic, similar responses were given.

If the labor expense for businesses becomes too high, they may choose to contain that expense by cutting back on the number of people that they employ. We have already begun to see McDonald’s installing kiosks for ordering, which replaces the need for human employees.  It is only a matter of time before all of the big fast food chains follow suit.  Even Chili’s and Applebee’s are integrating table tablets for customers to order and pay their bill, making the need for servers obsolete.  One would think that this is not the outcome that Governor Cuomo and other national leaders were hoping to achieve.

The minimum wage is the lowest wage rate that one can be paid, and a rate that according to Pew Research is earned by less than 5% of the nation’s hourly-paid workers and less than 3% of all wage and salary workers.  Most employees are paid at a rate higher than the minimum, a fact that should not be lost in this discussion.  If the market can bear higher wages, unemployment will not be affected, but if not, these increases may do much more harm than good.


Former Keuka College President Kirk to Receive Papal Honor

Acting on the request of Most Reverend Robert N. Lynch, Bishop of St. Petersburg, Florida, Pope Francis has chosen to award local resident and Saint Leo University President Emeritus Arthur F. Kirk Jr. the highest honor that can be bestowed upon a lay person of the Catholic faith.

Dr. Kirk, who maintains a home in Penn Yan, is best known locally for his tenure as president of Keuka College from 1984 through 1996. In early 1997, he moved to Central Florida to assume leadership of Saint Leo.

In a private ceremony in April in Florida, Dr. Kirk will receive the Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice Medal for distinguished service to the Catholic Church. Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice literally means “For the Church and the Pope.”

In Dr. Kirk’s case, the recognition honors the educator’s tireless work during 18 years in heading Saint Leo University and guiding it from a small college to a nationally recognized Catholic university, known also for its historical significance as the first Catholic college in Florida. Also, from early in his tenure at Saint Leo, Dr. Kirk worked with the American Jewish Committee and local leaders to encourage the founding of the Center for Catholic-Jewish Studies at Saint Leo, which advances interfaith relations through dialogue and educational programming. Dr. Kirk retired from Saint Leo at the end of June 2015.

He is among 14 people so honored, according to a February 19 announcement from the Diocese of St. Petersburg. There is no set timing for such honors. In the Catholic Church, a diocesan bishop may nominate a potential recipient of the award to the Holy Father whenever the bishop sees fit. The Holy Father may agree with the nomination or reject it. Previously, the honor was most recently bestowed in the Diocese of St. Petersburg in 2013 and in 2008.

The Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice Medal takes the physical shape of a gold cross. The arms of the cross are tapered into points at their ends, which creates an unusual design with eight edges. In the center of the cross are embedded images of Saints Peter and Paul, and under their likenesses, the papal insignia, consisting of a crossed pair of keys and a triple crown, or tiara. The left arm of the cross bears the inscription Pro Ecclesia; the right arm is inscribed et Pontifice. Small Greek crosses are imprinted at the tip of the top, left and right arms of the cross.